Pool Requirements

Please note that the facility guidelines shown here are intended to provide the best possible environment for competitive use of the pool and training. The following covers the rules for Swimming, Diving, Water Polo and Synchronized Swimming and speak specifically to Olympic and World Championship pools. There can be some adjustments made for smaller events; these adjustments are to be negotiated with the sports’ governing bodies.

 

All World Championship competitions must be held in pools that comply with the following:
  • Length 50.0 metres between the Automatic Officiating Equipment touch Panels, except for the World Swimming Championships 95 m), shall be 25.0 meters between the automatic Officiating Equipment touch panels at the starting end and the wall or touch Panels at the turning end.
  • Masters World Championships and Olympic Games are exempt from this set of requirements.
  • Utilize this list in addition to the requirements for each individual sport’s facility for Olympic Games and World Championships, listed below.

DIVING

Springboard

Three 3m springboards mounted on a concrete platform. Four 1m springboards located on side opposite to tower structure. Ideally, mounted on concrete stands. All springboards should use Durafirm short stands and be situated a minimum of 2.2m apart.

Platforms

10m, 7.5m, 5m and 3m platforms. 5m and 10m shall be 3 metres wide. 5m shall not be situated below the 10m. 3m and 7m may be stacked. Ideally, 7.5m and 3m should be a width of 2.5m however; it may be 2m and 1.5m respectively. Water agitation system required. Recommended Ruff-tex platform non-slip surface.

Instant on and off lighting

Indirect lighting to avoid potential blind spots for judges.

Main Tank Depth

5m with straight walls

Main Tank Description

Separate dive tank is optimum standard; second option is L-shaped 50m pool; third option is 77m bulkhead separated; fourth is 52m bulkhead separated.

Main Tank Fittings

0.6 metres springboard; 2X removable deck towers; constructed to allow for 1m and 3m overhead spotting rigs; bubble sparger

Main Tank Length

25m

Main Tank Other (e.g. gutters, etc.)

Gutters to prevent spill over to deck

Main Tank Remarks

Allows for maximum use of facility for hosting opportunities and to be a top class-training site. Recommend that any recreational aquatic attractions (e.g. slides, wave pools, splash pads etc.) be completely isolated from the competitive facilities.

Main Tank Width

25m

Pool Deck Description

7.5m wide deck space on three sides. Space for judge’s chairs and judging risers, data handling and ceremonies as well as coach and athlete seating. Space for mats/ stretching. Eight-person hot tub in close proximity to diving platforms. Constant supply of running hot water for two on-deck showers.

Scoreboards Description

Main score bard and secondary localized for diving area

Sound System Description

Yes, with the capability to accept multiple inputs with area-specific broadcasts. Multiple high fidelity speakers strategically situated around venue to minimize echo and enhance clarity.

Video-Broadcast Space Description

Press room with Internet connectivity to accommodate 20 media personnel. 

Television, power and video cable access portals in walls adjacent to pool.

Video/ Broadcast Equipment Description

Underwater window is valuable for bio-mechanical and real time coaching purposes.

SWIMMING

Federation International de la Natation (FINA, International Swimming Federation) sets widely recognized standards for competition pools:

  • 25 m (~82 feet) or
  • 50 m (~164 feet) long and at least 1.35 m (~4.4 feet) deep.
  • An Olympic sized swimming pool is a pool that meets FINA’s additional standards for the Olympic Games and for world championship events.
Temperature & Lighting
  • Competition pools are generally indoors and heated to enable their use all year round, and to more easily comply with the regulations regarding temperature, lighting, and Automatic Officiating Equipment and equipment.
  • The water must be kept at 25–28°C (77-82.4°F) and the lighting level at greater than 1500 lux.
Pool Design

A pool may be referred to as fast or slow, depending on its physical layout. Some design considerations allow the reduction of swimming resistance making the pool faster: namely, proper pool depth, elimination of currents, increased lane width, energy absorbing racing lane lines and gutters, and the use of other innovative hydraulic, acoustic and illumination designs.

Main Tank Depth

Depth: 2.0 meters (minimum). 

Although 2m is the minimum depth, 2.5 m is preferable.

Main Tank Description
  • Up to 2,000 people in pool area.
  • Warm-up Pool Length 25 m. Minimum. Could be several groups of 8-10 swimmers warming up at once. Space required for lap swimming, pattern practice, highlight practice, etc.
Warm-up Pool Width

At least 6 lanes.

Warm-up Pool Other

A warm-up/cool-down pool is required for all National competitions. The warm-up pool is separate from the competition pool.

Main Tank Fittings
  • Lane Ropes shall extend the full length of the course, secured at each end wall to anchor brackets recessed into the end walls. The anchor shall be positioned so that the floats at each end wall of the pool shall be on the surface of the water.
  • When a bulkhead serves as an end wall, it must extend the full width of the course and present a solid smooth, non-slippery stable vertical surface on which touch pads may be mounted extending not less than 0.8m below and 0.3m above the surface of the water, and must be free of hazardous openings above or below the waterline which may be penetrated by a swimmer’s hands, feet, toes or fingers.
  • A bulkhead must be of a design that provides for the free movement of officials along its length without such movement creating any appreciable current or water turbulence.
  • All the competition pools with overflow gutter on four sides have to be supplied, on one of the short sides of the pool, with a headwall, 30 cm high above the water level. Such wall is formed by a continuous footboard, with stainless steel structure and covered by a robust anti-slip ABS grating.
Main Tank Width
  • Lanes shall be at least 2.5 meters wide, with two spaces of at least 0.2 meter outside of the first and last lanes.
  • The distance between the center points of each lane shall be 2.5 meters.
Gold Standard:


10 lanes or 25m with a minimum .2m buffer for outside lanes for outside lane rope. 

National: 
Minimum standard is 20.5m, 8 lanes is acceptable with a minimum .2m buffer for outside lanes for outside lane rope.

Pool Deck Description
  • Total area 1,040 square meters. 10m clearances on change room side, 6m at each end and 2.5m along opposite side.
  • Deck Space is required behind each end for officials and athletes. This includes turn judges and timers, 4-6 athletes per lane.
  • Typically pool sides are demarked for coaching and club use (sometimes with a table) and the other side reserved for official’s tables, athlete staging and entry, VIP staging and entry, medal ceremonies and other functions.
  • Deck surface: Deck surfaces should be non-slip and easy to clean.
Field of Play

The distance between the respective goal lines shall be 30.0 meters for games played by men and 25.0 meters for games played by women. The width of the field of play shall be 20.0 metres. The depth of the water shall be nowhere less then 1.8 metres, preferably 2.0 metres.

Scoreboards Description

Two 8-10 lane read-out (score) boards one at each end.

Sound System Description

Required, with the capability to accept multiple inputs with area-specific broadcasts. Multiple high fidelity speakers strategically situated around venue to minimize echo and enhance clarity.

Spectator-Swimmer Seating Description

Permanent seating for 1,000 spectators minimum. Retractable bleachers on deck for 700 athletes, officials and coaches.

Video/Broadcast Equipment Description

Designated space for a commentator and onsite broadcasting. Some way for the cables to enter the building without having to prop opens a door. Cabling for high demand electrical equipment for higher voltage is required. Space for train track (the camera that goes up and down the pool) on the pool deck. Also consider space for camera on bottom of pool.

SYNCHRO

Main Tank dimensions
  • For the figure section of the competition two areas each 10.0 meters long by 3.0 meters wide are to be provided.
  • Each area is to be close to a wall of the pool with the 10.0 meters long side parallel to and not greater than 1.5 meters from the pool wall.
  • One of these areas is to be 3.0 meters minimum depth and the other area is to be of 2.5 meters minimum depth.
Field of Play

Delimit in width and length the field of play in the Solo and the Duet with two lanes (maximum width 16 mt length 25)

Field of Play
  • For Routine section of competition a minimum area of 12 meters by 25 meters is required, within an area of which 12 meters by 12c meters must have a minimum depth of 3.0 meters. The depth of the reaming area shall be 2.0 meters minimum.
  • Where the water depth is more than 2.0 meters, the depth at the pool wall may be 2.0 meters and then sloped down to reach a general depth at 1.2 meters maximum from the pool wall.
  • If there are no lane markings on the floor of the pool must be marked with contrasting lines in one direction, following the length of the pool.
  • The water must be sufficiently clear at the bottom of the pool to be visible.
Water Temperature

No less than 27 plus 1 minus centigrade.

Main Tank Description

To accommodate up to 600 participants in pool area not including stands or spectator area

Main Tank Fittings

Underwater speakers required. Underwater lights desirable.

Main Tank Length

50 m pools divided by a bulkhead or 2 separate 25m pools.

Main Tank Other (e.g. gutters, etc.)

Needs deck area at end of competition pool. Unobstructed by diving boards or starting blocks. Boards and blocks need to be portable/ removable. Confirm dimensions

Main Tank Width

20-25m

Pool Deck Description

Space for judges tables, athlete staging and entry, VIP staging and entry, medal ceremonies, etc. Judging occurs from both sides of pool deck space needs to allow for this. Manual scoring tables set up on deck, width should allow for this. (4-8m on 2 sides) Podium for awards on deck would be an asset. On deck bleachers for competitors.

Spectator-Swimmer Seating Description

Main competition area to accommodate up to 1000 spectators total. Spectators will be concentrated in area where the deep, competition pool can be viewed.

Technical Equipment Description

Underwater speakers

Video-Broadcast Space Description

Events need to be videotaped and reviewed quickly if necessary. Filming from a height is preferable.

Video/Broadcast Equipment Description

Underwater window likely not required, due to advancements on camera technology. Good quality acoustics are very important. Music is used for competition and the quality needs to be excellent. Consider good acoustic materials in design of facility.

Warm-Up Pool Depth Require deep, but could use main tank.
Warm-Up Pool Length

25 m. Minimum. Could be several groups of 8-10 swimmers warming up at once. Space required for lap swimming, pattern practice, highlight practice, etc. Dangerous if crowded.

Warm-Up Pool Width

At least 6 lanes. Refer to FINA Handbook

WATER POLO

Field of Play
  • The distance between the respective goal lines shall be 30.0 meters for games played by men and 25.0 meters for games played by women.
  • The width of the field of play shall be 20.0 meters.
  • The depth of the water shall be nowhere less then 1.8 meters, preferably 2.0 meters.
  • Exception may be allowed if Water polo Canada is controlling the match.
Water Temperature

The water temperature shall not be less then 26 celseus 1 minus 1 Centigrade

Light Intensity
  • Shall not be less then 600 lux.
  • Water Polo for Olympic games and World Championships Light Intensity shall not be less then 1500 lux.
Water

For Olympic games, World Championships and FINA events fresh water shall be used.

Main Tank Depth

Minimum 2m

Main Tank Description

To accommodate up to 600 participants in pool area not including stands or spectator area.

Main Tank Fittings

Need to specify location of anchors for marker ropes (width and length). Require 1m, then 25(A) m tank, then 1m. Depending on type of net purchased, may need station anchors in deck surface at the back of the net.

Other Description

Need sufficient space to install a temporary referee catwalk for competitions.

Pool Deck Description

Space for judges’ tables, athlete staging and entry, VIP staging and entry, medal ceremonies, etc. Require space on deck for player benches/ coach chairs, etc.

Video/ Broadcast Equipment Description

Underwater window likely not required, due to advancements on camera technology.